Effects of oxybate dose and regimen on disrupted nighttime sleep and sleep architecture

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Sleep medicine


Many components of sleep are disrupted in patients with narcolepsy, including sleep quality, sleep architecture, and sleep stability (ie, frequent awakenings/arousals and frequent shifts from deeper to lighter stages of sleep). Sodium oxybate, dosed twice nightly, has historically been used to improve sleep, and subsequent daytime symptoms, in patients with narcolepsy. Recently, new formulations have been developed to address the high sodium content and twice-nightly dosing regimen of sodium oxybate: low-sodium oxybate and once-nightly sodium oxybate. To date, no head-to-head trials have been conducted to compare the effects of each oxybate product. This review aims to give an overview of the existing scientific literature regarding the impact of oxybate dose and regimen on sleep architecture and disrupted nighttime sleep in patients with narcolepsy. Evidence from 5 key clinical trials, as well as supporting evidence from additional studies, suggests that sodium oxybate, dosed once- and twice-nightly, is effective in improving sleep, measures of sleep architecture, and disrupted nighttime sleep in patients with narcolepsy. Direct comparison of available efficacy and safety data between oxybate products is complicated by differences in trial designs, outcomes assessed, and statistical analyses; future head-to-head trials are needed to better understand the advantage and disadvantages of each agent.

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Sodium Oxybate; Polysomnography; Sleep; Narcolepsy; Sleep Quality

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