Somno-Art Software identifies pathology-induced changes in sleep parameters similarly to polysomnography

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PLoS One


Polysomnographic sleep architecture parameters are commonly used to diagnose or evaluate treatment of sleep disorders. Polysomnography (PSG) having practical constraints, the development of wearable devices and algorithms to monitor and stage sleep is rising. Beside pure validation studies, it is necessary for a clinician to ensure that the conclusions drawn with a new generation wearable sleep scoring device are consistent to the ones of gold standard PSG, leading to similar interpretation and diagnosis. This paper reports on the performance of Somno-Art Software for the detection of differences in sleep parameters between patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), insomniac or major depressive disorder (MDD) compared to healthy subjects. On 244 subjects (n = 26 healthy, n = 28 OSA, n = 66 insomniacs, n = 124 MDD), sleep staging was obtained from PSG and Somno-Art analysis on synchronized electrocardiogram and actimetry signals. Mixed model analysis of variance was performed for each sleep parameter. Possible differences in sleep parameters were further assessed with Mann-Whitney U-test between the healthy subjects and each pathology group. All sleep parameters, except N1+N2, showed significant differences between the healthy and the pathology group. No significant differences were observed between Somno-Art Software and PSG, except a 3.6±2.2 min overestimation of REM sleep. No significant interaction 'group'*'technology' was observed, suggesting that the differences in pathologies are independent of the technology used. Overall, comparable differences between healthy subjects and pathology groups were observed when using Somno-Art Software or polysomnography. Somno-Art proposes an interesting valid tool as an aid for diagnosis and treatment follow-up in ambulatory settings.

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Humans; Polysomnography; Depressive Disorder, Major; Sleep; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive; Software

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