Reduction in delta activity predicted improved negative affect in Major Depressive Disorder
Cheng P, Goldschmied J, Casement M, Kim HS, Hoffmann R, Armitage R, and Deldin P. Reduction in delta activity predicted improved negative affect in major depressive disorder. Psychiatry Res 2015; 228(3):715-718.
While prior research has demonstrated a paradoxical antidepressant effect of slow-wave disruption (SWD), the specific dimensions of depression affected is still unclear. The current study aimed to extend this research by utilizing a dimensional approach in examining the antidepressant effects of SWD. Of particular interest is the affective dimension, as negative affect in depression is arguably the most salient characteristic of depression. This sample included 16 individuals with depression (10 female) recruited from the community. Participants slept in the lab for three nights (adaptation, baseline night, and SWD) with polysomnography, and completed measures of negative affect and depression severity the following morning. Results show that reduction in delta power was linearly associated with improved negative affect. Comparison of individual change scores revealed that half of the individuals showed improved negative affect, which is comparable to the reported 40-60% antidepressant response rate to sleep deprivation. Results suggest that vulnerability in the sleep homeostatic system may be a contributing individual differences factor in response to slow-wave disruption in depression.
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; Delta Rhythm; Depressive Disorder, Major; Female; Humans; Male; Polysomnography; Predictive Value of Tests; Sleep; Sleep Deprivation; Young Adult