Intestinal transplants: review of normal imaging appearance and complications.
Hakim B, Myers DT, Williams TR, Nagai S, and Bonnett J. Intestinal transplants: review of normal imaging appearance and complications. Br J Radiol 2018;91(1090):20180173.
British Journal of Radiology
Intestinal transplant (IT) is one of the least common forms of organ transplant but is increasing both in volume of cases and number of centers performing intestinal transplants, with the busiest centers in North America and Europe. IT can be performed in isolation or as part of a multivisceral transplant (MVT). Intestinal failure either in the form of short gut syndrome or functional bowel problems is the primary indication for IT. The normal post-surgical anatomy can be variable due to both recipient anatomy in regard to amount of residual bowel and status of native vasculature as well as whether the transplant is isolated or part of a multivisceral transplant. Complications of isolated IT and IT as part of an MVT include complications shared with other types of organ transplants such as infection, rejection, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder and graft versus host disease. Mechanical bowel complications of the graft include bowel obstruction, stricture, leak, perforation and enterocutaneous fistula. Lastly, vascular complications of both the venous and arterial anastomoses including stricture and pseudoaneurysm occur.
Medical Subject Headings
Graft Rejection; Graft vs Host Disease; Humans; Infection; Intestinal Diseases; Intestinal Neoplasms; Intestines; Lymphoproliferative Disorders; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Postoperative Complications; Vascular Diseases