Men present with higher clinical class of chronic venous disease before endovenous catheter ablation

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J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord


BACKGROUND: Risk factors for chronic venous disease (CVD) have been widely reported in population health management. However, predisposing factors associated with patients treated for advanced stages of CVD have yet to be established. We examined the demographics and risk factors associated with advanced clinical presentation of CVD for patients referred for vein ablation.

METHODS: Retrospective analysis of our institutional Vascular Quality Initiative Varicose Vein Registry included endovenous laser treatment and radiofrequency ablation procedures at our tertiary institution, community hospital, and outpatient vein clinic between January 2015 and December 2016. All incompetent truncal veins were divided into two groups based on the Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology clinical class of CVD: mild-moderate (C1-C3) and severe (C4-C6). The two groups were compared in terms of their demographics and medical comorbidities using univariate and multivariate analysis. Data analysis was conducted on SPSS 22.0 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY).

RESULTS: During the study period, a total of 650 incompetent truncal veins were ablated. The mean age of patients was 58 years, and 73% were female. Severe CVD composed 21% of the cohort. Male sex was a risk for advanced CVD (odds ratio, 2.6; P < .001). Older age was also associated with severe CVD; the average age was 63 years for patients with advanced stage CVD vs 56 years for mild to moderate CVD (P < .001). Race, diabetes, body mass index, number of pregnancies, congestive heart failure, history of venous thromboembolism, current anticoagulation, and history of smoking or current smoking status did not affect the severity of CVD.

CONCLUSIONS: Among patients treated with vein ablation for superficial venous insufficiency, older age and male sex were associated with increased severity of advanced CVD. Despite the higher incidence of varicose veins among women, men are more likely to have clinically advanced CVD when they present for truncal vein ablation.

Medical Subject Headings

Age Factors; Catheter Ablation; Chronic Disease; Female; Humans; Incidence; Laser Therapy; Male; Michigan; Middle Aged; Registries; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Severity of Illness Index; Sex Factors; Varicose Veins; Venous Insufficiency

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