Efficacy and Safety of Everolimus Plus Low-Dose Tacrolimus Versus Mycophenolate Mofetil Plus Standard-Dose Tacrolimus in De Novo Renal Transplant Recipients: 12-Month Data
Qazi Y, Shaffer D, Kaplan B, Kim DY, Luan FL, Peddi VR, Shihab F, Tomlanovich S, Yilmaz S, McCague K, Patel D, Mulgaonkar S. Efficacy and Safety of Everolimus Plus Low-Dose Tacrolimus Versus Mycophenolate Mofetil Plus Standard-Dose Tacrolimus in De Novo Renal Transplant Recipients: 12-Month Data. Am J Transplant. 2017 May;17(5):1358-1369.
American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
In this 12-month, multicenter, randomized, open-label, noninferiority study, de novo renal transplant recipients (RTxRs) were randomized (1:1) to receive everolimus plus low-dose tacrolimus (EVR+LTac) or mycophenolate mofetil plus standard-dose Tac (MMF+STac) with induction therapy (basiliximab or rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin). Noninferiority of composite efficacy failure rate (treated biopsy-proven acute rejection [tBPAR]/graft loss/death/loss to follow-up) in EVR+LTac versus MMF+STac was missed by 1.4%, considering the noninferiority margin of 10% (24.6% vs. 20.4%; 4.2% [-3.0, 11.4]). Incidence of tBPAR (19.1% vs. 11.2%; p < 0.05) was significantly higher, while graft loss (1.3% vs. 3.9%; p < 0.05) and composite of graft loss/death/lost to follow-up (6.1% vs. 10.5%, p = 0.05) were significantly lower in EVR+LTac versus MMF+STac groups, respectively. Mean estimated glomerular filtration rate was similar between EVR+LTac and MMF+STac groups (63.1 [22.0] vs. 63.1 [19.5] mL/min/1.73 m2 ) and safety was comparable. In conclusion, EVR+LTac missed noninferiority versus MMF+STac based on the 10% noninferiority margin. Further studies evaluating optimal immunosuppression for improved efficacy will guide appropriate dosing and target levels of EVR and LTac in RTxRs.
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Equivalence Trials as Topic; Everolimus; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Glomerular Filtration Rate; Graft Rejection; Graft Survival; Humans; Immunosuppressive Agents; Kidney Failure, Chronic; Kidney Function Tests; Kidney Transplantation; Male; Middle Aged; Mycophenolic Acid; Postoperative Complications; Prognosis; Risk Factors; Safety; Tacrolimus; Young Adult