Ehlers AP, Bonham AJ, Ghaferi AA, Finks JF, Carlin AM, and Varban OA. Impact of hiatal hernia repair technique on patient-reported gastroesophageal reflux symptoms following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Surg Endosc 2022.
INTRODUCTION: Repairing a hiatal hernia at the time of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) can reduce or even prevent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms in the post-operative period. Several different hiatal hernia repair techniques have been described but their impact on GERD symptoms after SG is unclear.
METHODS: Surgeons (n = 74) participating in a statewide quality collaborative were surveyed on their typical technique for repair of hiatal hernias during SG. Options included posterior repair with mesh (PRM), posterior repair (PR), and anterior repair (AR). Patients who underwent SG with concurrent hiatal hernia repair (n = 7883) were compared according to their surgeon's reported technique. Patient characteristics, baseline and 1-year GERD health-related quality of life surveys, weight loss and 30-day risk-adjusted complications were analyzed.
RESULTS: The most common technique reported by surgeons for hiatal hernia repair was PR (n = 64, 85.3%), followed by PRM (n = 7, 9.3%) and AR (n = 4, 5.3%). Patients who underwent SG by surgeons who perform AR had lower rates of baseline GERD diagnosis (AR 55.3%, PR 59.5%, PRM 64.8%, p < 0.01), but were more likely to experience worsening GERD symptoms at 1 year (AR 29.8%, PR 28.7%, PRM 28.2%, p < 0.0001), despite similar weight loss (AR 29.8%, PR 28.7%, PRM 28.2%, p = 0.08). Satisfaction with GERD symptoms at 1 year was high (AR 73.2%, PR 76.3%, PRM 75.7%, p = 0.43), and risk-adjusted 30-day outcomes were similar among all groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing SG with concurrent hiatal hernia repair by surgeons who typically perform an AR were more likely to report worsening GERD at 1 year despite excellent weight loss. Surgeons who typically performed an AR had nearly one-half of their patients report increased GERD severity after surgery despite similar weight loss. While GERD symptom control may be multifactorial, technical approach to hiatal hernia repair at the time of SG may play a role and a posterior repair is recommended.
Medical Subject Headings
Female; Gastrectomy; Gastroesophageal Reflux; Hernia, Hiatal; Herniorrhaphy; Humans; Laparoscopy; Obesity, Morbid; Patient Reported Outcome Measures; Quality of Life; Retrospective Studies; Weight Loss
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