Sanchez PG, Chan EG, Davis RD, Hartwig M, Machuca T, Whitson B, Daneshmand M, Ovidio FD, Dcunha J, Weyant M, Jessen M, Bermudez C, Mulligan M, Wozniak T, Lynch W, Nemeh H, Caldeira C, Song T, Kreisel D, Camp P, Ramzy D, Griffith B, and Cantu E. Normothermic Ex Vivo Lung Perfusion (Novel) as an Assessment of Extended Criteria Donor Lungs: A Prospective Multi-Center Clinical Trial. J Heart Lung Transplant 2022; 41(4):S40-S41.
J Heart Lung Transplant
Purpose: Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) allows re-evaluation of extended criteria/marginal donor lungs. This can increase the number of lung transplants. However, the long-term outcomes of transplanting EVLP-screened lungs in a multicenter setting are unknown. We proposed to evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of EVLP performed at multiple centers.
Methods: This is a prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. Seventeen lung transplant centers in the United States. Adult patients with end-stage pulmonary disease requiring lung transplant from May 2011 to December 2017 were eligible. Lung allografts initially deemed extended criteria/marginal (n=216) were placed on EVLP and re-evaluated prior to transplant. Patients received either standard donors (n=116) or lungs screened with EVLP (n=110).
Results: Half of the lung grafts (110/216, 50.9%) placed on EVLP were transplanted. The incidence of primary graft dysfunction 24 hours post-transplant was higher in the EVLP group (25.5% vs 10.3%, p=0.003), but was not significantly different 48 hours (EVLP: 15.5%, control: 9.5%, p=0.49) and 72 hours (13.6% vs 6.9%, p=0.34) post-transplant. Survival was not significantly different between the 2 groups 1 year (n=226, EVLP: 86%, control: 94%, p=0.06), 3 years (n=226, EVLP: 68%, control: 76%, p=0.16, Figure), or 5 years (n=159, EVLP: 59%, control: 65%, p=0.68) post-transplant. There were also no differences in pulmonary function, the incidence of chronic lung allograft dysfunction or quality of life measures post-transplant.
Conclusion: In this multicenter study, recipients of lungs that were re-evaluated on EVLP and deemed suitable for transplant had similar outcomes as a recipients of a standard lung transplants. EVLP offers the opportunity to screen donated lungs initially considered high risk and can safely increase the availability of transplantable lungs without compromising outcomes.