An Evaluation of the Timing of Surgical Complications Following Radical Cystectomy: Data From the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.
Sood A, Kachroo N, Abdollah F, Sammon JD, Loppenberg B, Jindal T, Sun M, Trinh QD, Menon M, and Peabody JO. An evaluation of the timing of surgical complications following radical cystectomy: Data from the american college of surgeons national surgical quality improvement program (ACS-NSQIP). Urology 2017; 103:91-98.
OBJECTIVE: To examine time-to-event data for 19 common postoperative complications within 30 days following radical cystectomy (RC).
METHODS: Patients undergoing RC were identified within the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2005-2011). The primary end point was time-to-complication; secondary end points included length of stay (LOS), reintervention, readmission, and 30-day mortality. Further, the complications were stratified into pre- and postdischarge, and the predictors were identified. Lastly, the effect of time-to-complication on secondary outcomes was evaluated.
RESULTS: Overall, 1118 patients underwent RC. The overall complication rate was 52.1%; the median LOS was 8 days. The vast majority of complications (85.2%) were contained within the first 2 weeks of surgery with a median time-to-complication of 8.5 days; 31.4% of the complications occurred post discharge. In adjusted analyses, increasing age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.02, P < .001), black race (OR = 1.67, P = .001), and creatinine ≥1.2 mg/dL (OR = 1.26, P = .002) were significant predictors of predischarge complications, whereas diabetes (OR = 1.40, P < .001), cardiopulmonary disease (OR = 1.27, P = .005), neoadjuvant therapy (OR = 1.35, P = .007), and continent diversions (OR = 1.30, P = .004) were significant predictors of postdischarge complications. A body mass index of ≥30 was associated with increased odds of pre- as well as postdischarge complications (P < .01). For a given complication, timing did not affect the mortality odds (P = .310), but the risk of reintervention, readmission, and prolonged LOS varied.
CONCLUSION: One in 2 patients suffers a complication within 30 days of undergoing RC. A vast majority of complications occur early on postoperatively, either pre- or post discharge, highlighting the need for rigorous inpatient as well as outpatient surveillance during this period-knowledge regarding the time-to-complications, the effect of time-to-complications, and risk factors may facilitate improved patient-physician communication and allow patient-tailored follow-up.
Medical Subject Headings
Aged; Body Mass Index; Cystectomy; Databases, Factual; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Length of Stay; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Patient Discharge; Patient Readmission; Postoperative Complications; Quality Improvement; Retrospective Studies; Risk; Societies, Medical; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome; United States