Comparison of Urinary Tract Infection Incidence Following Intradetrusor OnabotulinumtoxinA in Office Versus Operating Room Settings

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Urogynecology (Hagerstown)


IMPORTANCE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a known complication of intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA (BTX) injection. However, whether administering intradetrusor BTX in different clinical settings affects the risk of postprocedural UTI has not been investigated.

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess differences in the incidence of postprocedural UTI in women who received intradetrusor BTX in an outpatient office versus an operating room (OR).

STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective chart review of intradetrusor BTX procedures at a single institution between 2013 and 2020. Demographic data, comorbidities, and perioperative data were abstracted. The primary outcome was UTI defined as initiation of antibiotics within 30 days following BTX administration based on clinician assessment of symptoms and/or urine culture results. Univariate analysis of patients with and without UTI was performed.

RESULTS: A total of 446 intradetrusor BTX procedures performed on female patients either in an outpatient office (n = 160 [35.9%]) or in an OR (n = 286 [64.1%]) were included in the analysis. Within 30 days of BTX administration, UTI was diagnosed after 14 BTX procedures (8.8%) in the office group and 29 BTX procedures (10.1%) in the OR group ( P = 0.633). De novo postprocedural urinary retention occurred in more women who were treated in the office than in the OR (13 [9.6%] vs 3 [1.3%], P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Selecting the appropriate setting for BTX administration is dependent on multiple factors. However, the clinical setting in which intradetrusor BTX is administered may not be an important factor in the development of postprocedural UTI, and further research is warranted.

Medical Subject Headings

Female; Humans; Botulinum Toxins, Type A; Incidence; Operating Rooms; Retrospective Studies; Urinary Bladder, Overactive; Urinary Tract Infections

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