Stent Omission in Pre-stented Patients Undergoing Ureteroscopy Decreases Unplanned Health Care Utilization

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Urol Pract


INTRODUCTION: Despite AUA guidelines providing criteria for ureteral stent omission after ureteroscopy for nephrolithiasis, stenting rates in practice remain high. Because pre-stenting may be associated with improved patient outcomes, we assessed the impact of stent omission vs placement in pre-stented and non-pre-stented patients undergoing ureteroscopy on postoperative health care utilization in Michigan.

METHODS: Using the MUSIC (Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative) registry (2016-2019), we identified pre-stented and non-pre-stented patients with low comorbidity undergoing single-stage ureteroscopy for ≤1.5 cm stones with no intraoperative complications. We assessed variation in stent omission for practices/urologists with ≥5 cases. Using multivariable logistic regression, we evaluated whether stent placement in pre-stented patients was associated with emergency department visits and hospitalizations within 30 days of ureteroscopy.

RESULTS: We identified 6,266 ureteroscopies from 33 practices and 209 urologists, of which 2,244 (35.8%) were pre-stented. Pre-stented cases had higher rates of stent omission vs non-pre-stented cases (47.3% vs 26.3%). Among the 17 urology practices with ≥5 cases, stent omission rates in pre-stented patients varied widely (0%-77.8%). Among the 156 urologists with ≥5 cases, stent omission rates in pre-stented patients varied substantially (0%-100%); 34/152 (22.4%) never performed stent omission. Adjusting for risk factors, stent placement in pre-stented patients was associated with increased emergency department visits (OR 2.24, 95% CI:1.42-3.55) and hospitalizations (OR 2.19, 95% CI:1.12-4.26).

CONCLUSIONS: Pre-stented patients undergoing stent omission after ureteroscopy have lower unplanned health care utilization. Stent omission is underutilized in these patients, making them an ideal group for quality improvement efforts to avoid routine stent placement after ureteroscopy.

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Ureteroscopy; Ureter; Kidney Calculi; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Stents

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