Temporal and Racial Trends in Prostate-specific Antigen Screening for U.S. Men With a Family History of Prostate Cancer
Dalela D, Malchow T, Butaney M, Majdalany S, Corsi N, Rakic I, Sood A, Rogers C, and Abdollah F. Temporal and Racial Trends in Prostate Specific Antigen Screening for US Men With Family History of Prostate Cancer. Urol Pract 2023.
INTRODUCTION: Limited data exist on trends in PSA screening in men with a family history of prostate cancer. The aims of our study were to (1) study age-stratified temporal trends in PSA screening from 2000-2018 for men with a family history of prostate cancer and Black men with a family history of prostate cancer, and (2) identify determinants associated with receipt of PSA screening in the aforementioned groups.
METHODS: We identified men aged ≥40 years without a prior history of prostate cancer using data from National Health Interview Survey 2000-2018 who self-reported PSA testing in the last 12 months. Age-stratified temporal trends and weighted multivariable logistic regression analyses were assessed.
RESULTS: PSA screening increased for men with a family history of prostate cancer between National Health Interview Survey 2000 (28.9%) and 2005 (41.9%), with stable rates for the following years. Black men with a family history of prostate cancer showed no significant change in PSA screening rates regardless of age. Controlling for sociodemographics and access to health care provider, younger age (40-54) and later survey years (2013-2018) were associated with a lower likelihood of PSA screening overall and for Black men, but not for those with a positive family history.
CONCLUSIONS: Data from a nationally representative study of U.S. men indicated that the annual PSA screening rates for men with a family history of prostate cancer was higher than reported for the overall male population. We believe this represents the first study on trends and determinants of PSA screening in U.S. men with a family history of prostate cancer.
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