Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

J Allergy Clin Immunol


Rationale: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a heterogenous inflammatory skin disease often associated with other allergic diseases. We characterized AD phenotypes and associated allergic outcomes longitudinally across a multi-site consortium.

Methods: AD expression in 11 U.S. birth cohorts from the CREW (Children’s Respiratory and Environmental Workgroup) consortium was assessed in each year of life from age 0-7 years (N=7,900). Longitudinal Latent Class Analysis was performed to identify AD phenotypes. Five classes of AD were identified: Persistent AD (15.4%), Early AD with Potential Reoccurrence (2.7%), Late-Onset AD (7.0%), Transient Early AD (3.0%), and Minimal/No AD (72.0%). Serum allergen sensitization patterns and allergic clinical disease were associated with AD phenotype using multinomial logistic regression with a 3-step procedure to account for uncertainty in class membership.

Results: Children with Persistent AD, Early AD with Potential Reoccurrence, and Transient Early AD were more likely to have food allergy compared to those with Minimal/No AD (OR[95% CI]=2.73[2.15, 3.45], 2.69[1.63, 4.45], 2.54[1.55, 4.16], respectively). These groups had similarly higher odds of food sensitization. Persistent AD (OR[95% CI]=1.81[1.48, 2.21]) and Early AD with Potential Reoccurrence (OR[95% CI]=3.66[1.90, 7.05]) had significantly higher odds of ever asthma relative to Minimal/No AD. At both 2-4 years and 5-7 years, persistent AD (OR[95% CI]=1.35[1.04, 1.74], 1.25[1.01, 1.53]) and Late-Onset AD (OR[95% CI]=1.68[1.13, 2.50], 2.22[1.33, 3.70]) relative to Minimal/No AD had higher odds of allergic rhinitis.

Conclusions: Longitudinal AD phenotypes had varying associations with allergic sensitization, food allergy, asthma and allergic rhinitis, demonstrating the heterogeneity of allergic comorbidity risk associated with AD.





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