A systematic review of full endoscopic versus micro-endoscopic or open discectomy for lumbar disc herniation
Aiyer R, Noori S, Schirripa F, Schirripa M, Jain S, Aboud T, Mehta N, Elowitz E, Pahuta M, and Datta S. A systematic review of full endoscopic versus micro-endoscopic or open discectomy for lumbar disc herniation. Pain Manag 2021.
Aim: Endoscopic discectomies provide several advantages over other techniques such as traditional open lumbar discectomy (OLD) including possibly decreased complications, shorter hospital stay and an earlier return to work.
Methods: An electronic database search including MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Cochrane Controlled trials (CENTRAL) were reviewed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) only.
Results: A total of nine RCTs met inclusion criteria. Three showed benefit of endoscopic discectomy over the comparator with regards to pain relief, with the remaining six studies showing no difference in pain relief or function.
Conclusion: Based on review of the nine included studies, we can conclude that endoscopic discectomy is as effective as other surgical techniques, and has additional benefits of lower complication rate and superior perioperative parameters.
ePub ahead of print