Outcomes of Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of the Left Anterior Descending Artery

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The American journal of cardiology


The left anterior descending artery (LAD) subtends a large myocardial territory. The outcomes of LAD chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have received limited study. We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent LAD CTO PCI at a high-volume single center. Outcomes included in-hospital and long-term major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). We performed a subgroup analysis of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, defined as an LVEF of 40% or less. From December 2014 to February 2021, 237 patients underwent LAD CTO PCI. The technical success rate was 97.4%, and the in-hospital MACE rate was 5.4%, A landmark analysis after hospital discharge showed an overall survival of 92% and 85% MACE-free survival at 2 years. There was no difference in overall survival or MACE-free survival between those who had ischemic cardiomyopathy versus those who did not. In patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, LAD CTO PCI was associated with significant improvement in LVEF (10.9% at 9 months), which was further pronounced when these patients had a proximal LAD CTO and were on optimal medical therapy (14% at 6 months). In a single high-volume center, LAD CTO PCI was associated with 92% overall survival at 2 years, with no difference in survival between patients with or without ischemic cardiomyopathy. LAD CTO PCI was associated with an absolute 10% increase in LVEF at 9 months in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention; Stroke Volume; Ventricular Function, Left; Treatment Outcome; Retrospective Studies; Coronary Angiography; Coronary Vessels; Cardiomyopathies; Coronary Occlusion; Chronic Disease; Risk Factors

PubMed ID




First Page


Last Page