Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

PLoS One


BACKGROUND: Inflammation has been associated with progression and complications of chronic heart failure (HF) but no effective therapy has yet been identified to treat this dysregulated immunologic state. The selective cytopheretic device (SCD) provides extracorporeal autologous cell processing to lessen the burden of inflammatory activity of circulating leukocytes of the innate immunologic system.

AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the SCD as an extracorporeal immunomodulatory device on the immune dysregulated state of HF. HF.

METHODS AND RESULTS: SCD treatment in a canine model of systolic HF or HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) diminished leukocyte inflammatory activity and enhanced cardiac performance as measured by left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and stroke volume (SV) up to 4 weeks after treatment initiation. Translation of these observations in first in human, proof of concept clinical study was evaluated in a patient with severe HFrEFHFrEF ineligible for cardiac transplantation or LV LV assist device (LVAD) due to renal insufficiency and right ventricular dysfunction. Six hour SCD treatments over 6 consecutive days resulted in selective removal of inflammatory neutrophils and monocytes and reduction in key plasma cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. These immunologic changes were associated with significant improvements in cardiac power output, right ventricular stroke work index, cardiac index and LVSV index…. Stabilization of renal function with progressive volume removal permitted successful LVAD implantation.

CONCLUSION: This translational research study demonstrates a promising immunomodulatory approach to improve cardiac performance in HFrEFHFrEF and supports the important role of inflammation in the progression of HFHF.

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Animals; Dogs; Heart Failure; Stroke Volume; Ventricular Function, Left; Cytokines; Interleukin-6; Inflammation

PubMed ID






First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.