Intracoronary Imaging and Physiology to Guide PCI: Are We Ready for a Class I Guideline Recommendation?

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Current cardiology reports


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the last decade, there has been a plethora of evidence to support the utilization of intravascular coronary imaging and physiological assessment to guide percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). While there is a class I recommendation for the use of coronary physiology to guide PCI, the use of intravascular coronary imaging remains a class IIa recommendation. Herein, we aimed to review the recent scientific evidence from major trials highlighting the consideration for a future class I guideline recommendation for the use of intracoronary imaging.

RECENT FINDINGS: The benefits of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) to guide and optimize PCI have been demonstrated in several large trials. These trials have demonstrated that IVUS reduces major adverse cardiovascular events. Similarly, intracoronary physiology has been demonstrated to be an important tool to guide revascularization decision-making and been associated with a lower incidence of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization compared with angiography alone. With existing clinical outcomes data on the benefit of intracoronary physiology and imaging-guided PCI as well as forthcoming data from ongoing trials regarding the use of these modalities, the interventional cardiology community is bound to transition from routine PCI to precision-, image-, and physiology-guided PCI.

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Angiography; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention; Ultrasonography, Interventional; Treatment Outcome; Tomography, Optical Coherence

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