Cardiopulmonary exercise testing criteria for advanced therapies in patients with heart failure

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Heart failure reviews


Many cardiology associations endorse the role of the cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) to define the severity of impairment of functional capacity in individuals with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and when evaluating the need for advanced therapies for these patients. The focus of the CPET within the cardiology community has been on peak volume of oxygen uptake (VO(2)). However, several CPET variables are associated with outcomes in individuals with and without chronic disease and can inform clinical decisions in individuals with HFrEF. In this manuscript, we will review the normal cardiopulmonary response to a graded exercise test and review current guideline recommendations relative to CPET in patients with HFrEF.

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ePub ahead of print