Outcomes of Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Interventions in Patients With Previous Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

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The American journal of cardiology


The outcomes of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery have received limited study. We examined the baseline characteristics and outcomes of CTO PCIs performed at 47 United States and non-United States centers between 2012 and 2023. Of the 12,164 patients who underwent CTO PCI during the study period, 3,475 (29%) had previous CABG. Previous CABG patients were older, more likely to be men, and had more comorbidities and lower left ventricular ejection fraction and estimated glomerular filtration rate. Their CTOs were more likely to have moderate/severe calcification and proximal tortuosity, proximal cap ambiguity, longer lesion length, and higher Japanese CTO scores. The first and final successful crossing strategy was more likely to be retrograde. Previous CABG patients had lower technical (82.1% vs 88.2%, p <0.001) and procedural (80.8% vs 86.8%, p <0.001) success, higher in-hospital mortality (0.8% vs 0.3%, p <0.001), acute myocardial infarction (0.9% vs 0.5%, p = 0.007) and perforation (7.0% vs 4.2%, p <0.001) but lower incidence of pericardial tamponade and pericardiocentesis (0.1% vs 1.3%, p <0.001). At 2-year follow-up, the incidence of major adverse cardiac events, repeat PCI and acute coronary syndrome was significantly higher in previous CABG patients, whereas all-cause mortality was similar. In conclusion, patients with previous CABG who underwent CTO PCI had more complex clinical and angiographic characteristics and lower success rate, higher perioperative mortality, and myocardial infarction but lower tamponade, and higher incidence of major adverse cardiac events with similar all-cause mortality during follow-up.

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