Coils embolization use for coronary procedures: Basics, indications, and techniques

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Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions


The use of coils is fundamental in interventional cardiology and can be lifesaving in selected settings. Coils are classified by their materials into bare metal, fiber coated, and hydrogel coated, or by the deliverability method into, pushable or detachable coils. Coils are delivered through microcatheters and the choice of coil size is important to ensure compatibility with the inner diameter of the delivery catheter, firstly to be able to deliver and secondly to prevent the coil from being stuck and damaged. Clinically, coils are used in either acute or in elective setting. The most important acute indication is typically the sealing coronary perforation. In the elective settings, coils can be used for the treatment of certain congenital cardiac abnormalities, aneurysms, fistulas or in the treatment of arterial side branch steal syndrome after CABG. Coils must always be delivered under fluoroscopy guidance. There are some associated complications with coils that can be acute or chronic, that nictitates regular followed-up. There is a need for education, training and regular workshops with hands-on to build the experience to use coils in situations that are infrequently encountered.

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ePub ahead of print