Independent prognostic value of high-risk ventricular premature complexes during exercise or recovery in asymptomatic patients: A meta-analysis of observational studies

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Indian heart journal


INTRODUCTION: Ventricular premature contractions (VPCs) are a common finding during cardiac stress tests. The independent prognostic value of these findings in patients in asymptomatic patients is unclear.

METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies exploring the independent prognostic value of VPCs to predict all-cause mortality. The secondary outcome was cardiovascular (CV) mortality. We excluded studies that did not report outcomes after adjusting for ≥1 confounder. Random effect meta-analyses were used to predict cumulative hazard ratios. We stratified results based on VPC during exercise or recovery.

RESULTS: We found 7 studies with 24,518 patients that met our inclusion criteria. Two studies reported all-cause mortality only, 1 study reported CV mortality only, rest 4 reported both. There was significant heterogeneity in the baseline population, definition of high-risk VPCs, and variables used in adjusted models. Using multivariable summary estimates from individual studies, only VPCs during exercise were associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR 1.27, 95 % CI 1.07, 1.48). Both VPCs during exercise and recovery were associated with a higher risk CV mortality (HR 1.69, 95 % CI 1.19, 2.20, I(2) = 17.6 % and 1.62, 95 % CI 1.25, 2.00, p < 0.001 for both).

CONCLUSION: High-risk VPCs during exercise is associated with increased risk of all-cause and CV mortality, while those during recovery are associated with an increased risk of CV mortality only.

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Electrocardiography; Exercise Test; Prognosis; Ventricular Premature Complexes; Observational Studies as Topic

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ePub ahead of print





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