Associations Between Preimplant Cancer Type and Left Ventricular Assist Device Outcomes: An INTERMACS Registry Analysis

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ASAIO journal


We used the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) database to examine whether history of a solid versus hematologic malignancy impacts outcomes after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. We included LVAD recipients (2007-2017) with cancer history reported (N = 14,799, 21% female, 24% Black). Multivariate models examined the association between cancer type and post-LVAD mortality and adverse events. Competing risk analyses compared death and heart transplantation between cancer types and those without cancer in bridge-to-transplant (BTT) patients. A total of 909 (6.1%) patients had a history of cancer (4.9% solid tumor, 1.3% hematologic malignancy). Solid tumors were associated with higher mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 1.31, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.09-1.57), major bleeding (aHR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.00-1.32), and pump thrombosis (aHR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.09-2.13), whereas hematologic malignancies were associated with increased major infection (aHR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.14-1.80). Compared to BTT patients without a history of cancer, solid tumor patients were less likely to undergo transplantation (adjusted subdistribution HR [aSHR] = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.45-0.89) and hematologic malignancy patients were as likely to experience death (aSHR = 1.16, 95% CI = 0.63-2.14) and transplantation (aSHR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.44-1.08). Cancer history and type impact post-LVAD outcomes. As LVAD utilization in cancer survivors increases, we need strategies to improve post-LVAD outcomes in these patients.

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ePub ahead of print