Optimal TR-band weaning strategy while minimizing vascular access site complications
Shah S, Gindi R, Basir MB, Khandelwal A, Alqarqaz M, Zaidan M, Voeltz M, Koenig G, Kim HE, O'Neill WW, Alaswad K. Optimal TR-band weaning strategy while minimizing vascular access site complications. Cardiovasc Revasc 2019;20(2):133-136.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to develop an optimal TR-Band weaning strategy while minimizing vascular access site complications of hematoma or radial artery occlusion (RAO).
METHODS: The trial was a randomized, prospective, single center study of 129 patients who underwent cardiac catheterization via the radial artery. Group A was an accelerated protocol in which weaning was initiated 20 min after sheath removal. Group B was an adjusted protocol, in which weaning was dependent on the amount of anti-platelet or anti-coagulation used. All patients underwent radial artery ultrasound to demonstrate arterial patency.
RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups, and PCI was performed in 36.7% of patients in Group A and 37.7% of patients in Group B. RAO occurred in 7.7% of patients overall, with no statistical difference between groups (Group A 5% versus Group B 10.1%, p-value = 0.337). Hematoma formation >5 cm in diameter occurred in 4.6% of patients in the overall cohort, without statistical difference between groups (Group A 5% versus Group B 4.3%, p-value = 1). The TR-Band duration was significantly shorter in Group A compared to Group B (112.9 ± 50.7 versus 130.7 ± 51.1 in minutes, respectively, p-value = 0.013).
CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated an accelerated weaning protocol is simple to utilize for nursing staff without increased vascular site complications of RAO or hematoma formation.