Temporal Trends in Utilization of Right-Sided Heart Catheterization Among Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Device Recipients in Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock.
Nalluri N, Patel NJ, Atti V, Kumar V, Basir MB, O'Neill WW. Temporal trends in utilization of right-sided heart catheterization among percutaneous ventricular assist device recipients in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. Am J Cardiol. 2018;122(12):2014-2017.
The American journal of cardiology
Percutaneous ventricular assist devices (PVAD) have been used at an increasing rate in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS). Recent evidence has demonstrated that use of invasive hemodynamic monitoring with right-sided heart catheterization (RHC) was associated with improved survival in recipients of PVAD in AMI-CS. We sought to examine the utilization of RHC in patients receiving PVAD in AMI-CS. We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2008 to 2014 and identified patients using ICD-9-CM codes for AMI-CS (410, 785.51), PVAD (37.68), and RHC (37.21, 37.23). Temporal trends were analyzed using Cochrane Armitage test. In 5,925 patients who were treated with PVAD for AMI-CS, 1,691 (28.5%) underwent RHC. The mean (SD) age was 63.9 (12.3) years; majority were males (72.8%) and white (63.3%). Patients receiving RHC had higher baseline burden of co-morbidities, Charlson Co-morbidity Index ≥2 (56.1%). From 2008 to 2014, there was decrease in the utilization of RHC in patients receiving PVAD from 40.4% to 29.8% (p