Inflammatory Biomarkers Interleukin-6 and C-Reactive Protein and Outcomes in Stable Coronary Heart Disease: Experiences From the STABILITY (Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy) Trial

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J Am Heart Assoc


BACKGROUND: Evaluation of cardiovascular prognosis in patients with stable coronary heart disease is based on clinical characteristics and biomarkers indicating dysglycemia, dyslipidemia, renal dysfunction, and possibly cardiac dysfunction. Inflammation plays a key role in atherosclerosis, but the association between inflammatory biomarkers and clinical outcomes is less studied in this population.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Overall, 15 828 patients with coronary heart disease in the STABILITY (Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy) trial were randomized to treatment with darapladib or placebo and observed for a median of 3.7 years. In 14 611 patients, levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were measured in plasma samples: median levels were 2.1 (interquartile range, 1.4-3.2) ng/L and 1.3 (interquartile range, 0.6-3.1) mg/L, respectively. Associations between continuous levels or quartile groups and adjudicated outcomes were evaluated by spline graphs and Cox regression adjusted for clinical factors and cardiovascular biomarkers. IL-6 was associated with increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (quartile 4 versus quartile 1 hazard ratio [HR], 1.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30-1.97;

CONCLUSIONS: IL-6, an upstream inflammatory marker, was independently associated with the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events, cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and cancer mortality in patients with stable coronary heart disease. IL-6 might reflect a pathophysiological process involved in the development of these events.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: Unique identifier: NCT00799903.


© authors, original version available at: 10.1161/JAHA.116.005077

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Medical Subject Headings

Aged; Benzaldehydes; C-Reactive Protein; Cause of Death; Coronary Disease; Female; Humans; Inflammation Mediators; Interleukin-6; Kaplan-Meier Estimate; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Neoplasms; Oximes; Phospholipase A2 Inhibitors; Plaque, Atherosclerotic; Proportional Hazards Models; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome

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