Predictive Value of Age- and Sex-Specific Nomograms of Global Plaque Burden on Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography for Major Cardiac Events
Naoum C, Berman DS, Ahmadi A, Blanke P, Gransar H, Narula J, Shaw LJ, Kritharides L, Achenbach S, Al-Mallah MH, Andreini D, Budoff MJ, Cademartiri F, Callister TQ, Chang HJ, Chinnaiyan K, Chow B, Cury RC, DeLago A, Dunning A, Feuchtner G, Hadamitzky M, Hausleiter J, Kaufmann PA, Kim YJ, Maffei E, Marquez H, Pontone G, Raff G, Rubinshtein R, Villines TC, Min J, Leipsic J. Predictive value of age- and sex-specific nomograms of global plaque burden on coronary computed tomography angiography for major cardiac events. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. Mar 2017;10(3)
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging
BACKGROUND: Age-adjusted coronary artery disease (CAD) burden identified on coronary computed tomography angiography predicts major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) risk; however, it seldom contributes to clinical decision making because of a lack of nomographic data. We aimed to develop clinically pragmatic age- and sex-specific nomograms of CAD burden using coronary computed tomography angiography and to validate their prognostic use.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients prospectively enrolled in phase I of the CONFIRM registry (Coronary CT Angiography Evaluation for Clinical Outcomes) were included (derivation cohort: n=21,132; 46% female) to develop CAD nomograms based on age-sex percentiles of segment involvement score (SIS) at each year of life (40-79 years). The relationship between SIS age-sex percentiles (SIS%) and MACE (all-cause death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and late revascularization) was tested in a nonoverlapping validation cohort (phase II, CONFIRM registry; n=3030, 44% female) by stratifying patients into 3 SIS% groups (≤50th, 51-75th, and >75th) and comparing annualized MACE rates and time to MACE using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models adjusting for Framingham risk and chest pain typicality. Age-sex percentiles were well fitted to second-order polynomial curves (men:
CONCLUSIONS: We have developed clinically pragmatic age- and sex-specific nomograms of CAD prevalence using coronary computed tomography angiography findings. Global plaque burden measured using SIS% is predictive of cardiac events independent of traditional risk assessment.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01443637.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Canada; Computed Tomography Angiography; Coronary Angiography; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Vessels; Europe; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Multidetector Computed Tomography; Nomograms; Plaque, Atherosclerotic; Predictive Value of Tests; Prevalence; Prognosis; Prospective Studies; Registries; Reproducibility of Results; Republic of Korea; Risk Factors; Severity of Illness Index; Sex Factors; United States