Ninety-Day Readmission and Long-Term Mortality in Medicare Patients (≥65 Years) Treated With Ticagrelor Versus Prasugrel After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (from the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium)

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The American journal of cardiology


Ticagrelor and prasugrel were found to be superior to clopidogrel for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); however, the comparative effectiveness of these 2 drugs remains unknown. We compared postdischarge outcomes among older patients treated with ticagrelor versus prasugrel after PCI for ACS. We linked clinical data from PCIs performed in older patients (age ≥65) for ACS at 47 Michigan hospitals to Medicare fee-for-service claims from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2014, to ascertain rates of 90-day readmission and long-term mortality. We used propensity score matching to adjust for the nonrandom use of ticagrelor and prasugrel at discharge. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare rates of 90-day readmission and long-term mortality, respectively. Patients discharged on ticagrelor (n = 1,243) were more frequently older, female, had a history of cerebrovascular disease, and presented with ST- or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction compared with prasugrel (n = 1,014). After matching (n = 756 per group), there were no significant differences in the rates of 90-day readmission (16.7% ticagrelor vs 14.6% prasugrel; adjusted odds ratio 1.15, 95% confidence interval 0.86 to 1.55, p = 0.35) or 1-year mortality (5.4% ticagrelor vs 3.7% prasugrel; hazard ratio 1.3, 95% confidence interval 0.8 to 2.2, p = 0.31). In conclusion, we found no significant differences in the rates of 90-day readmission or long-term mortality between older patients treated with ticagrelor and patients treated with prasugrel after PCI for ACS. In the absence of randomized data to the contrary, these 2 treatments appear similarly effective.

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Acute Coronary Syndrome; Adenosine; Aged; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Medicare; Michigan; Patient Readmission; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention; Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; Postoperative Care; Prasugrel Hydrochloride; Prognosis; Propensity Score; Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists; Retrospective Studies; Survival Rate; Ticagrelor; Time Factors; United States

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