Prognostic Significance of Nonobstructive Left Main Coronary Artery Disease in Women Versus Men: Long-Term Outcomes From the CONFIRM (Coronary CT Angiography Evaluation For Clinical Outcomes: An International Multicenter) Registry

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Circ Cardiovasc Imaging


BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive (≥50% stenosis) left main (LM) coronary artery disease (CAD) are at high risk for adverse events; prior studies have also documented worse outcomes among women than men with severe multivessel/LM CAD. However, the prognostic significance of nonobstructive (1%-49% stenosis) LM CAD, including sex-specific differences, has not been previously examined.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In the long-term CONFIRM (Coronary CT Angiography Evaluation For Clinical Outcomes: An International Multicenter) registry, patients underwent elective coronary computed tomographic angiography for suspected CAD and were followed for 5 years. After excluding those with obstructive LM CAD, 5166 patients were categorized as having normal LM or nonobstructive LM (18% of cohort). Cumulative 5-year incidence of death, myocardial infarction, or revascularization was higher among patients with nonobstructive LM than normal LM in both women and men: women (34.3% versus 15.4%;

CONCLUSION: Nonobstructive LM CAD was frequently detected on coronary computed tomographic angiography and strongly associated with adverse events among women. Recognizing the sex-specific prognostic significance of nonobstructive LM plaque may augment risk stratification efforts.

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Aged; Computed Tomography Angiography; Coronary Angiography; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Stenosis; Coronary Vessels; Disease Progression; Female; Health Status Disparities; Humans; Kaplan-Meier Estimate; Male; Middle Aged; Myocardial Revascularization; Predictive Value of Tests; Prognosis; Proportional Hazards Models; Registries; Retrospective Studies; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Severity of Illness Index; Sex Factors; Time Factors

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