Title

Procedural Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions for Chronic Total Occlusions Via the Radial Approach: Insights From an International Chronic Total Occlusion Registry.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-25-2019

Publication Title

JACC Cardiovasc Interv

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the frequency and outcomes of radial access for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

BACKGROUND: Radial access improves the safety of PCI, but its role in CTO PCI remains controversial.

METHODS: We compared the clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics of 3,790 CTO interventions performed between 2012 and 2018 via radial-only access (RA) (n = 747) radial-femoral access (RFA) (n = 844) and femoral-only access (n = 2,199) access at 23 centers in the United States, Europe, and Russia.

RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 65 ± 10 years, and 85% were men. Transradial access (RA and RFA) was used in 42% of CTO interventions and significantly increased over time from 11% in 2012 to 67% in 2018 (p < 0.001). RA patients were younger (age 62 ± 10 years vs. 64 ± 10 years and 65 ± 10 years; p < 0.001), less likely to have undergone prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (18% vs. 39% and 35%; p < 0.001), and less likely to have undergone prior PCI (60% vs. 63% and 66%; p = 0.005) compared with those who underwent RFA and femoral-only access PCI. RA CTO PCI lesions had lower J-CTO (Multicenter CTO Registry in Japan) (2.1 ± 1.4 vs. 2.6 ± 1.3 and 2.5 ± 1.3; p < 0.001) and PROGRESS CTO (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention) complication (2.3 ± 1.9 vs. 3.2 ± 2.0 and 3.2 ± 1.9; p < 0.001) scores. The mean sheath size was significantly smaller in the RA group (6.6 ± 0.7 vs. 7.0 ± 0.6 and 7.3 ± 0.8; p < 0.0001), although it increased with lesion complexity. Antegrade dissection re-entry (20% vs. 33% and 32%; p < 0.001) was less commonly used with RA, whereas use of retrograde techniques was highest with RFA (47%). The overall rates of technical success (89% vs. 88% vs. 86%; p = 0.061), procedural success (86% vs. 85% vs. 85%; p = 0.528), and in-hospital major complication (2.47% vs. 3.40% vs. 2.18%; p = 0.830) were similar in all 3 groups, whereas major bleeding was lower in the RA group (0.55% vs. 1.94% and 0.88%; p = 0.013).

CONCLUSIONS: Transradial access is increasingly being used for CTO PCI and is associated with similar technical and procedural success and lower major bleeding rates compared with femoral-only access interventions. (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention [PROGRESS CTO]; NCT02061436).

PubMed ID

30784639

Volume

12

Issue

4

First Page

346

Last Page

358

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