Diagnostic and prognostic implications using age- and gender-specific cut-offs for high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T - Sub-analysis from the TRAPID-AMI study

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International journal of cardiology


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of age- and gender-specific cut-offs for high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) compared to the general 99th percentile hs-cTnT cut-off on diagnosis and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS: 1282 unselected patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected AMI were enrolled as part of the TRAPID-AMI study. In the present sub-analysis, reclassification of AMI diagnosis was performed by comparing the general hs-cTnT cut-off of 14ng/L to previously proposed age- and gender-dependent hs-cTnT 99th percentile cut-offs (28ng/L for ≥65years, 9ng/L for female and 15.5ng/L for male patients). Patients were further clinically adjudicated into acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and non-ACS.

RESULTS: For patients ≥65years, application of age-specified cut-offs resulted in a decrease of AMI from 29.8% to 18.3% in the entire cohort (n=557) and 54.7% to 40.9% in the ACS subcohort (n=225). Using gender-specific cut-offs, AMI-rate increased from 16.6% to 22.6% (entire cohort, n=477) and 62.6% to 71.7% (ACS subcohort, n=99) in women, whereas in men, rates decreased from 23.1% to 21.1% (entire cohort, n=805) and 48.8% to 45.9% (ACS, n=281), respectively. Age-specified cut-offs significantly reclassified patients for outcomes of 1-month and 3-month mortality in the entire and ACS cohort (14.2% net reclassification improvement, p

CONCLUSIONS: While influence of gender-specific hs-cTnT cut-offs on diagnostic and prognostic reclassification was only modest in patients with suspected AMI, age-specific cut-offs showed a significant impact and may be considered for further validation.

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Age Factors; Aged; Biomarkers; Cohort Studies; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Internationality; Male; Middle Aged; Myocardial Infarction; Prognosis; Prospective Studies; Retrospective Studies; Sex Factors; Troponin T

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