Sedentary Time and Cumulative Risk of Preserved and Reduced Ejection Fraction Heart Failure: From the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

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Journal of cardiac failure


BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship between self-reported sedentary time (ST) and the cumulative risk of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in a diverse cohort of U.S. adults 45-84 years of age.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), we identified 6,814 subjects, all free of baseline cardiovascular disease. Cox regression was used to calculate the hazard ratios (HR) associated with risk of HFpEF and HFrEF. Weekly ST was dichotomized based on the 75th percentile (1890 min/wk). During ∼11.2 years of follow-up there were 178 first incident HF diagnoses: 74 HFpEF and 69 HFrEF. Baseline ST >1890 min/wk was significantly associated with an increased risk of HFpEF (HR 1.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13-3.09, P = .01), but not of HFrEF. The relationship with HFpEF remained significant in fully adjusted models including physical activity and waist circumference (HR 2.16, 95% CI 1.23-3.78, P < .01). In addition, every 60-minute increase in weekly ST was associated with a 3% increased risk of HFpEF (HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.05, P < .01).

CONCLUSIONS: Sedentary time >1890 min/wk (∼4.5 h/d) is a significant predictor of HFpEF, independently from physical activity and adiposity.

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ePub ahead of print