Clinical Utility of the Japan-Chronic Total Occlusion Score in Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion Interventions: Results from a Multicenter Registry

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Circ Cardiovasc Interv


BACKGROUND: The performance of the Japan-chronic total occlusion (J-CTO) score in predicting success and efficiency of CTO percutaneous coronary intervention has received limited study.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the records of 650 consecutive patients who underwent CTO percutaneous coronary intervention between 2011 and 2014 at 6 experienced centers in the United States. Six hundred and fifty-seven lesions were classified as easy (J-CTO=0), intermediate (J-CTO=1), difficult (J-CTO=2), and very difficult (J-CTO≥3). The impact of the J-CTO score on technical success and procedure time was evaluated with univariable logistic and linear regression, respectively. The performance of the logistic regression model was assessed with the Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic and receiver operator characteristic curves. Antegrade wiring techniques were used more frequently in easy lesions (97%) than very difficult lesions (58%), whereas the retrograde approach became more frequent with increased lesion difficulty (41% for very difficult lesions versus 13% for easy lesions). The logistic regression model for technical success demonstrated satisfactory calibration and discrimination (P for Hosmer-Lemeshow =0.743 and area under curve =0.705). The J-CTO score was associated with a 2-fold increase in the odds of technical failure (odds ratio 2.04, 95% confidence interval 1.52-2.80, P

CONCLUSIONS: J-CTO score was strongly associated with final success and efficiency in this study, supporting its expanded use in CTO interventions.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: Unique identifier: NCT02061436.

Medical Subject Headings

Aged; Coronary Occlusion; Female; Forecasting; Humans; Linear Models; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Operative Time; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention; Registries; Treatment Outcome

PubMed ID






First Page


Last Page