Title

Machine Learning Prediction Models for In-Hospital Mortality After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-22-2019

Publication Title

JACC Cardiovasc Interv

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to develop and compare an array of machine learning methods to predict in-hospital mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the United States.

BACKGROUND: Existing risk prediction tools for in-hospital complications in patients undergoing TAVR have been designed using statistical modeling approaches and have certain limitations.

METHODS: Patient data were obtained from the National Inpatient Sample database from 2012 to 2015. The data were randomly divided into a development cohort (n = 7,615) and a validation cohort (n = 3,268). Logistic regression, artificial neural network, naive Bayes, and random forest machine learning algorithms were applied to obtain in-hospital mortality prediction models.

RESULTS: A total of 10,883 TAVRs were analyzed in our study. The overall in-hospital mortality was 3.6%. Overall, prediction models' performance measured by area under the curve were good (>0.80). The best model was obtained by logistic regression (area under the curve: 0.92; 95% confidence interval: 0.89 to 0.95). Most obtained models plateaued after introducing 10 variables. Acute kidney injury was the main predictor of in-hospital mortality ranked with the highest mean importance in all the models. The National Inpatient Sample TAVR score showed the best discrimination among available TAVR prediction scores.

CONCLUSIONS: Machine learning methods can generate robust models to predict in-hospital mortality for TAVR. The National Inpatient Sample TAVR score should be considered for prognosis and shared decision making in TAVR patients.

PubMed ID

31320027

Volume

12

Issue

14

First Page

1328

Last Page

1338

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