Association Between Patient Cost Sharing and Cardiac Rehabilitation Adherence
Farah M, Abdallah M, Szalai H, Berry R, Lagu T, Lindenauer PK, and Pack QR. Association Between Patient Cost Sharing and Cardiac Rehabilitation Adherence. Mayo Clin Proc 2019; 94(12):2390-2398.
Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between cost sharing and adherence to cardiac rehabilitation (CR).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected detailed cost-sharing information for patients enrolled in CR at Baystate Medical Center in Springfield, Massachusetts, including the presence (or absence) and amounts of co-pays and deductibles. We evaluated the association between cost sharing and the total number of CR sessions attended as well as the influence of household income on CR attendance.
RESULTS: In 2015, 603 patients enrolled in CR had complete cost-sharing information. In total, 235 (39%) had some form of cost sharing. Of these, 192 (82%) had co-pays (median co-pay, $20; interquartile range [IQR], $10-$32) and 79 (34%) had an unmet deductible (median, $500; IQR, $250-$1800). The presence of any amount or form of cost sharing was associated with 6 fewer sessions of CR (16; IQR, 4-36 vs 10; IQR, 4-27; P
CONCLUSION: Cost sharing was associated with lower CR attendance and exhibited a dose-response relationship such that higher cost sharing was associated with lower CR attendance. Given that CR is cost-effective and underutilized, insurance companies and other payers should reevaluate their cost-sharing policies for CR.