Frequency of 30-Day Readmission and Its Causes After Endovascular Aneurysm Intervention of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (from the Nationwide Readmission Database)

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The American journal of cardiology


Endovascular aneurysm intervention (EVAI) is one of the most commonly performed vascular interventions for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Data regarding 30-day readmission rates after EVAI are poorly reported in the literature. We used the United States Nationwide Readmission Database from 2010 to 2014 to identify all patients >/=18 years who were readmitted within 30 days after a hospital discharge for EVAI of the AAA. Incidence, etiologies, predictors of 30-day readmission, and trends of readmission rates were analyzed. In 138,014 patients who survived to discharge after an EVAI procedure for AAA, 14,146 (10.24%) were readmitted within 30 days. Median time to readmission was 11 days. Cardiac causes (16.34%) followed by infections (15.40%) and vascular complications (12.86%) were common etiologies of readmission. Greater patient age, female sex, coexisting co-morbidities such as heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral vascular disease, lung disease, and chronic kidney disease were independent predictors of 30-day readmission. In-hospital complications during an index admission such as major bleeding or vascular complications were also predictive of 30-day readmission. Trend analysis showed a progressive decline in readmission rates from 11.3% in 2010 to 9.6% in 2014 (ptrend <0.0001), 20% lower odds in 2014 compared with 2010 (odds ratio 0.80, 95% confidence interval 0.72 to 0.87, p <0.0001). In this contemporary study of EVAI for AAA, nearly 1 in 10 patients was readmitted within 30 days of discharge after an index admission. Cardiac complications and infections were common causes of readmission within 30 days.

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