Long term survival after early unloading with Impella CP
Loehn T, O'Neill WW, Lange B, Pfluecke C, Schweigler T, Mierke J, Waessnig N, Mahlmann A, Youssef A, Speiser U, Strasser RH, and Ibrahim K. Long term survival after early unloading with Impella CP((R)) in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 2020; 9(2):149-157.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care
BACKGROUND: The use of percutaneous left ventricular assist devices in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMICS) is evolving. The aim of the study was to assess the long-term outcome of patients with AMICS depending on early initiation of Impella CP((R)) support prior to a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent PCI and Impella CP((R)) support between 2014 and 2016 for AMICS at our institution. We compared survival to discharge between those with support initiation before (pre-PCI) and after (post-PCI) PCI.
RESULTS: A total of 73 consecutive patients (69+/-12 years old, 27.4% female) were supported with Impella CP((R)) and underwent PCI for AMICS (34 pre-PCI vs. 39 post-PCI). All patients were admitted with cardiogenic shock, and 58.9% sustained cardiac arrest. Survival at discharge was 35.6%. Compared with the post-PCI group, patients in the pre-PCI group had more lesions treated (p=0.03), a higher device weaning rate (p=0.005) and higher survival to discharge as well as to 30 and 90 days after device implantation, respectively (50.0% vs. 23.1%, 48.5% vs. 23.1%, 46.9 vs. 20.5%, p < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a higher survival at one year (31.3% vs. 17.6%, log-rank p-value=0.03) in the pre-PCI group. Impella support initiation before PCI was an independent predictor of survival up to 180 days after device implantation.
CONCLUSIONS: In this small, single-centre, non-randomized study Impella CP((R)) initiation prior to PCI was associated with higher survival rates at discharge and up to one year in AMICS patients presenting with high risk for in-hospital mortality.