Racial and ethnic differences in left atrial appendage occlusion wait time, complications, and periprocedural management

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Pacing and clinical electrophysiology


PURPOSE: Non-white patients are underrepresented in left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) trials, and racial disparities in LAAO periprocedural management are unknown.

METHODS: We assessed sociodemographics and comorbidities of consecutive patients at our institution undergoing LAAO between 2015 and 2020, then in adjusted analyses, compared procedural wait time, procedural complications, and post-procedure oral anticoagulation (OAC) use in whites versus non-whites.

RESULTS: Among 109 patients undergoing LAAO (45% white), whites had lower CHA(2) DS(2) VASc scores, on average, than non-whites (4.0 vs. 4.8, p = .006). There was no difference in median time from index event (IE) or initial outpatient cardiology encounter to LAAO procedure (whites 10.5 vs. non-whites 13.7 months, p = .9; 1.9 vs. 1.8 months, p = .6, respectively), and there was no difference in procedural complications (whites 4% vs. non-whites 5%, p = .33). After adjusting for CHA(2) DS(2) VASc score, OAC use at discharge tended to be higher in whites (OR 2.4, 95% CI [0.9-6.0], p = .07). When restricting the analysis to those with prior gastrointestinal (GI) bleed, adjusting for CHA(2) DS(2) VASc score and GI bleed severity, whites had a nearly five-fold odds of being discharged on OAC (OR 4.6, 95% CI [1-21.8], p = 0.05). The association between race and discharge OAC was not mediated through income category (total mediation effect 19% 95% CI [-.04-0.11], p = .38).

CONCLUSION: Despite an increased prevalence of comorbidities amongst non-whites, wait time for LAAO and procedural complications were similar in whites versus non-whites. Among those with prior GI bleed, whites were nearly five-fold more likely to be discharged on OAC than non-whites, independent of income.

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ePub ahead of print