Quality of life metrics in LVAD patients after hemocompatibility-related adverse events

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Artificial organs


BACKGROUND: Hemocompatibility-related adverse events (HRAE) negatively influence survival. However, no study has examined the impact of these events on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and functional outcomes following continuous-flow left ventricular assist device implantation (CF-LVAD). We assessed the impact of HRAE events on HRQOL and hypothesized that HRAE's adversely impact HRQOL and functional outcomes.

METHODS: INTERMACS database identified patients undergoing primary CF-LVAD implantation from 2008 to 2017. HRAEs included stroke, non-surgical bleeding, hemolysis, and pump thrombosis and were identified as defined in the literature. HRAEs were further stratified as Tier 1-2 and disabling stroke events. Time-series analysis was executed for HRAE patients with values pre-HRAE, post-HRAE, and closest to 12 months follow up. Local polynomial regression curves modeling individual patients were superimposed into "spaghetti" plots.

RESULTS: All HRQOL and functional metrics improved in patients over time, despite HRAE complications. However, these patient metrics were significantly reduced compared to the non-HRAE cohort. Advanced data visualization techniques noted a decline after experiencing an HRAE with a subsequent recovery to baseline levels or higher. Six-minute walk test (6MWT) was noted to be most affected in the post-HRAE period but recovered similar to other metrics.

CONCLUSIONS: The burden of HRAE following CF-LVAD implantation did not negatively impact the quality of life. However, the 6MWT did not increase in the post-HRAE period in all HRAE patients. Improvement of heart failure symptoms after CF-LVAD coupled with optimal management following the HRAE act to preserve the enhanced quality of life.

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print