Nona P, and Russell C. Cardio-Rheumatology: Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Inflammatory Disorders. Med Clin North Am 2022; 106(2):349-363.
The Medical clinics of North America
Inflammation plays a well-established role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Individuals exposed to chronic inflammation are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease and heart failure, independent of associated traditional risk factors. Traditional risk assessment tools and calculators underestimate the true cardiac risk in this population. In addition to this, there is a lack of awareness on the association between inflammation and cardiovascular disease. These factors lead to undertreatment in terms of preventive cardiac care in patients with chronic inflammatory disease.
Medical Subject Headings
Atherosclerosis; Cardiovascular Diseases; Humans; Inflammation; Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic; Rheumatology; Risk Factors