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International journal of cardiology


INTRODUCTION: The timing of hemodynamic support in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMICS) has yet to be defined. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of timing of Impella initiation on early and midterm mortality.

METHODS: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis was conducted using PubMed and Cochrane databases. All studies reporting short-term mortality rates and timing of Impella placement in AMICS were included. Meta-regression analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed on the primary endpoint, short-term mortality (≤30 days), and secondary endpoints (midterm mortality, device-related bleeding, and limb ischemia).

RESULTS: Of 1289 studies identified, 13 studies (6810 patients; 2970 patients identified as receiving Impella pre-PCI and 3840 patients receiving Impella during/post-PCI) were included in this analysis. Median age was 63.8 years (IQR 63-65.7); 76% of patients were male, and a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was noted across the entire population. Short-term mortality was significantly reduced in those receiving pre-PCI vs. during/post-PCI Impella support (37.2% vs 53.6%, RR 0.7; CI 0.56-0.88). Midterm mortality was also lower in the pre-PCI Impella group (47.9% vs 73%, RR 0.81; CI 0.68-0.97). The rate of device-related bleeding (RR 1.05; CI 0.47-2.33) and limb ischemia (RR 1.6; CI 0.63-2.15) were similar between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: This analysis suggests that Impella placement prior to PCI in AMICS may have a positive impact on short- and midterm mortality compared with post-PCI, with similar safety outcomes. Due to the observational nature of the included studies, further studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis (CRD42022300372).

Medical Subject Headings

Female; Heart-Assist Devices; Hemorrhage; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Myocardial Infarction; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention; Retrospective Studies; Shock, Cardiogenic; Treatment Outcome

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ePub ahead of print



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