Primary left ventricular unloading with delayed reperfusion in patients with anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction: Rationale and design of the STEMI-DTU randomized pivotal trial

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American heart journal


BACKGROUND: Despite successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), myocardial salvage is often suboptimal, resulting in large infarct size and increased rates of heart failure and mortality. Unloading of the left ventricle (LV) before primary PCI may reduce infarct size and improve prognosis.

STUDY DESIGN AND OBJECTIVES: STEMI-DTU (NCT03947619) is a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial designed to compare mechanical LV unloading with the Impella CP device for 30 minutes prior to primary PCI to primary PCI alone without LV unloading. The trial aims to enroll approximately 668 subjects, with a potential sample size adaptation, with anterior STEMI with a primary end point of infarct size as a percent of LV mass evaluated by cardiac magnetic resonance at 3-5 days after PCI. The key secondary efficacy end point is a hierarchical composite of the 1-year rates of cardiovascular mortality, cardiogenic shock ≥24 hours after PCI, use of a surgical left ventricular assist device or heart transplant, heart failure, intra-cardiac defibrillator or chronic resynchronization therapy placement, and infarct size at 3 to 5 days post-PCI. The key secondary safety end point is Impella CP-related major bleeding or major vascular complications within 30 days. Clinical follow-up is planned for 5 years.

CONCLUSIONS: STEMI-DTU is a large-scale, prospective, randomized trial evaluating whether mechanical unloading of the LV by the Impella CP prior to primary PCI reduces infarct size and improves prognosis in patients with STEMI compared to primary PCI alone without LV unloading.

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