Newman AB, Basen-Engquist K, Gilchrist SC, Nohria A, Kerrigan D, Keteyian SJ, Schmitz KH, and Ligibel JA. Exercise and Cardio-Oncology Rehab. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 2022; 24(11):183-197.
Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med
Purpose of Review: To evaluate the evidence supporting the use of exercise training as a treatment strategy to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in cancer populations and to provide an overview of the use of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in cancer patients and survivors.
Recent Findings: A recent scoping review suggests that CR-style interventions are feasible in cancer patients, but more evidence is needed to establish the benefits of this approach.
Summary: Cancer survivors are at increased risk of CVD as a result of side effects of cancer treatment, shared risk factors for cancer and CVD, and effects from the cancer itself. Aerobic exercise training improves peak VO2, but few models exist to support widespread incorporation of exercise training into cancer care. CR could provide infrastructure to support the incorporation of exercise in cancer populations, but data are limited regarding the feasibility or benefits of CR in cancer patients.