Impact of early mechanical support in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock with culprit left main coronary artery disease: Insights from national cardiogenic shock initiative

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Conference Proceeding

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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv


Background: Previous retrospective studies have demonstrated unacceptably high hospital mortality (60-65%) in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMICS) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of a culprit left main coronary artery (LMCA). We sought to assess the impact of early mechanical support (MCS) specifically in this cohort using data from the National Cardiogenic Shock Initiative, a single-arm, prospective, multicenter study. Methods: Between July 2016 and August 2018, 23 sites participated in the study. All centers agreed to treat patients with AMICS using a standard protocol emphasizing invasive hemodynamic monitoring and rapid initiation of MCS. Inclusion and exclusion criteria mimicked those of the 'SHOCK' trial with an additional exclusion criterion being use of intra-aortic balloon pump counter-pulsation prior to MCS. Results: Out of a total of 104 patients enrolled, 16 patients had a culprit LMCA. In the culprit LMCA cohort, the mean age was 64 ± 11 years and 75% were males. Prior to MCS, 25% had witnessed out of hospital cardiac arrest, 25% had in-hospital cardiac arrest and 32% were under active cardiopulmonary resuscitation during MCS implantation. In accordance with the protocol, 87% of patients had an MCS device inserted prior to PCI. Right heart catheterization and hemodynamic monitoring was performed in 84% of patients. Cardiac power output improved from 0.68 W pre-procedure to 0.98 W 24-hours post-procedure (p = 0.04). TIMI III flow was achieved in 88% of patients post-reperfusion. Mean length of stay was 16 days. Left ventricle ejection fraction improved from 12.5 ± 3.8 % baseline to 25.6 ± 9.6 % at the time of discharge (p = 0.002). Survival to explant was 94% and survival to discharge was 75%. Conclusions: Early MCS in patients with AMICS with a culprit LMCA was associated with rapid improvement in hemodynamics and improved survival to discharge.




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