Mehra MR, Nayak A, Morris A, Lanfear DE, Nemeh H, Desai S, Bansal A, Guerrero-Miranda C, Hall S, Cleveland JC, Goldstein DJ, Uriel N, Chen L, Bailey S, Anyanwu A, Heatley G, Chuang J, and Estep JD. Development and Validation of a Personalized Risk Score for Prediction of Patient-Specific Clinical Experiences with HeartMate 3 LVAD Implantation: An Analysis from the MOMENTUM 3 Trial Portfolio. J Heart Lung Transplant 2022; 41(4):S23-S24.
J Heart Lung Transplant
Purpose: Although clinical trials inform on efficacy of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy, individualized risk assessments for outcome prediction are important in guiding implementation of such treatment. In this analysis based on the MOMENTUM 3 trial portfolio (studies sponsored by Abbott), we seek to develop and validate patient-specific risk scores to facilitate the evaluation of candidates for HeartMate 3 (HM3) LVAD implantation.
Methods: The MOMENTUM 3 trial portfolio includes 2200 patients that underwent HM3 LVAD implantation in the pivotal trial and Continued Access Protocol (CAP) study, between 2014-2018. Patients were followed for 2 years, and the primary results were presented at ISHLT 2021 and published in Eur J Heart Fail. 2021;23:1392-1400. In this analysis, we shall randomly assign all enrolled patients implanted with the HM3 LVAD to a Derivation Cohort or an internal Validation Cohort. The Derivation Cohort will be used to develop multivariate regression models incorporating common, pre-implant patient parameters that are typically assessed when an informed decision is established. Calculation of the risk scores will be based on the parameter estimates of the final derived models. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis will be used to evaluate the discriminatory ability of each risk score. The ability of the risk scores to predict outcomes after HM3 LVAD implantation will be tested independently in the Validation Cohort (results expected by February 2022). To avoid bias in the development of the scores, the Validation Cohort will only be analyzed after the risk models are derived. The risk scores will include estimates (and range of individual outcomes) for endpoints including short and long-term survival, hospitalization burden, quality of life, hemocompatibility and non-hemocompatibility related adverse events.
Endpoints: The scientific discovery and validation of personalized risk scores will inform clinicians on expectations of individualized outcomes through the clinical journey following HM3 LVAD implantation. Such risk scores and individualized estimates for outcomes will facilitate enhanced decision-making and guide communication among clinicians and patients when considering LVAD therapy in advanced heart failure.