Bharadwaj A, Abu-Much A, Redfors B, Li Y, Moses J, Grines C, Yeh R, Mallow P, Patel M, Waggoner T, Faraz H, Pinto D, Batchelor W, Truesdell A, Baron S, Basir M, and O'Neill W. TCT-99 Short- and Long-Term Outcomes of Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Protected High-Risk Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. J Am Coll Cardiol 2022; 80(12):B40.
J Am Coll Cardiol
Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and concomitant multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) with or without left ventricular dysfunction often have high surgical risk and are declined for coronary artery bypass grafting. There is little data regarding clinical outcomes in these patients undergoing high-risk PCI (HRPCI) using Impella.
Methods: We analyzed patients from the PROTECT III Study who underwent Impella-supported HRPCI and stratified them into 3 groups by kidney function status based on history: 1) normal kidney function, 2) CKD without dialysis, and 3) CKD with dialysis. We compared the composite incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) rate, defined as all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), and repeat revascularization at 30 and 90 days.
Results: We included 1,223 patients, aged 71 ± 11 years; 73% (893) were men, 68% (834) had normal kidney function (serum creatinine [Cr] 1.1 mg/dL, IQR 0.9-1.2), 23% (278) had CKD without dialysis (Cr 1.7 mg/dL, IQR 1.3-1.9), and 9% (111) were on dialysis. Patients on dialysis were younger with more comorbidities such as diabetes, heart failure, anemia, PVD and prior stroke. HRPCI status (urgent or elective), proportion of acute MI, and mean SYNTAX scores were similar. No significant differences in MACCE were shown between groups at 30 days or 90 days (Table). Patients with normal kidney function had comparable risks of 30-day and 90-day MACCE compared with CKD patients without dialysis with Cox proportional hazards analysis, and lower risk of 90-day MACCE compared to CKD patients with dialysis. Notably, CKD patients with or without dialysis also had similar 90-day MACCE risk (Table).
Conclusion: Patients with CKD and dialysis undergoing HRPCI exhibit higher risk for 90-day MACCE compared to patients with normal kidney function. CKD patients without dialysis also had higher risk of MI at 90 days. Further research is needed.
Categories: CORONARY: Complex and Higher Risk Procedures for Indicated Patients (CHIP)