Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

J Am Coll Cardiol


Background: Intraprocedural structural heart imaging is more challenging and has unique differences from standard of care (SOC) imaging. However, the variations in time and complexity of different types of SOC transesophageal echocardiographs (TEEs) versus interventional TEEs is not well studied. In this study, we aim to compare the complexity of SOC nonvalvular indication TEE with SOC valvular TEE studies and interventional TEEs performed in the guidance of transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) MitraClip (Abbott Vascular) procedures.

Methods: A retrospective case-control analysis was performed on 200 patients who underwent TEE in the Henry Ford Health System. One hundred cases of interventional TEE-guided TEER were compared with 73 nonvalvular (endocarditis and stroke evaluation) SOC TEEs and 27 valvular (preprocedural mitral, aortic, and tricuspid valve evaluations) SOC TEEs. Complexity was quantified by the total procedure duration, the total number of images, and the number of 3-dimensional (3D) clips captured. The mean, median, and SD were compared between these groups. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to evaluate statistical significance.

Results: The mean duration of TEE procedures, the number of images, and the number of 3D clips were all significantly higher in the interventional imaging TEER group compared with the noninterventional groups (P < 0.0001) (Table 1). The duration and number of images were also significantly higher among valvular compared with nonvalvular SOC TEE groups (P < 0.0002) as well as number of 3D clips (P < 0.0012).

Conclusion: Interventional TEE was more complicated and time-consuming compared with SOC TEE performed for both nonvalvular and valvular indications. The latter was also more complex than SOC nonvalvular TEE. This is the first study of its kind demonstrating objective differences between interventional and 2 SOC TEE groups. These results emphasize the need of dedicated training for intraprocedural imaging as well as restructuring of reimbursement codes.

Categories: STRUCTURAL: Valvular Disease: Mitral





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