Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

J Am Coll Cardiol


Background: There are limited data on the use of the subintimal tracking and reentry (STAR) technique for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: We analyzed 2,353 CTO PCIs performed using antegrade dissection re-entry (ADR) in the PROGRESS-CTO Registry, between 2012 and June 2022 at 41 centers.

Results: STAR was used in 450 cases (19.1%), primary STAR in 325 (13.8%) and secondary STAR (STAR after other ADR approaches) in 125 (5.3%). The Stingray system was used in 1,048 (44.5%), limited antegrade subintimal tracking (LAST) in 177 (7.5%), and contrast-guided STAR in 31 (1.3%) of re-entry cases. The mean patient age was 65.3 ± 10 years and 86.0% were men. STAR cases were more complex with higher Japan-CTO (3.05 ± 1.08 vs 2.87 ± 1.14, P = 0.002) and PROGRESS (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention) CTO (1.58 ± 1.14 vs 1.20 ± 1.04, P < 0.001) scores compared to non-STAR cases. The cases where STAR was used had lower technical (69.3% vs 79.1%, P < 0.001) and procedural (67.7% vs 76.3%, P < 0.001) success compared with cases where STAR was not used. The incidence of major cardiac adverse events was similar (3.70% vs 3.52%, P = 0.858) between STAR and non-STAR cases. Primary STAR was associated with higher technical and procedural success and similar MACE compared with secondary STAR (Figure).

Conclusion: STAR is used in 19.1% of antegrade re-entry CTO PCI cases and is associated with higher angiographic complexity, lower technical and procedural success rates and similar major complication rates compared to antegrade re-entry cases that did not use STAR.

Categories: CORONARY: Complex and Higher Risk Procedures for Indicated Patients (CHIP)





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