Adequacy of prenatal care utilisation and gestational weight gain among women with depression

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Journal of reproductive and infant psychology


BACKGROUND: Depression is common during pregnancy, can elevate risk for excessive or inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG), and is associated with both underutilisation and overutilisation of prenatal care. Whether GWG is associated with adequacy of prenatal care among women with and without depression in the United States is unknown. This study evaluated whether adequacy of prenatal care differed by depression status and GWG.

METHODS: Data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System from 1,379,870 women who were pregnant with a singleton and delivered at 37-42 weeks gestation during 2016 to 2018 were included. Depression was self-reported. The Kotelchuck index was used to evaluate adequacy of prenatal care. Maternal weight gain was compared to GWG guidelines.

RESULTS: Approximately 13.1% of the sample experienced depression during pregnancy. Although those with depression had increased odds of both inadequate and above adequate levels of prenatal care, this association was no longer significant after accounting for demographics, medical comorbidities, and socioeconomic factors. Individuals with inadequate levels of prenatal care with a normal pre-pregnancy body mass index gained less weight during pregnancy.

CONCLUSIONS: The association between depression and prenatal care utilisation seems driven by demographic, medical comorbidity, and socioeconomic variables. Weight outcomes were associated with inadequate prenatal care utilisation.

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ePub ahead of print

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