Photosensitive disorders of the skin with ocular involvement.
Clinics in dermatology
Patients with photosensitive disorders of the skin may present with ocular manifestations that are evident at birth or may be manifested later with progression of the disorder. Dermatologists should be able to recognize these and appropriately refer patients for further management. Ocular involvement associated with immunologically mediated photodermatoses, drug- and chemical-induced photosensitivity, photodermatoses associated with defective DNA repair/chromosome instability, and photoaggravated dermatoses are reviewed. Photodermatoses are commonly classified into four general groups: (1) immunologically mediated photodermatoses; (2) drug- and chemical-induced photosensitivity; (3) photodermatoses associated with defective DNA repair/chromosome instability; and (4) photoaggravated dermatoses. Photodermatoses in these groups with ocular involvement will be discussed. In addition, skin diseases associated with photophobia are also described.
Medical Subject Headings
Comorbidity; Dermatitis, Photoallergic; Dermatitis, Phototoxic; Eye Diseases; Female; Humans; Incidence; Male; Photosensitivity Disorders; Prognosis; Risk Assessment; Severity of Illness Index