Update and Review of Bleeding Considerations in Dermatologic Surgery: Anticoagulants and Antiplatelets.
Iyengar S, Yeager DG, Cohen JL, and Ozog DM. Update and Review of Bleeding Considerations in Dermatologic Surgery: Anticoagulants and Antiplatelets. Dermatol Surg 2020; 46(2):192-201.
BACKGROUND: Bleeding is an unavoidable risk of dermatologic surgery. The risk may be higher in patients taking agents that affect hemostasis.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide an updated review of current anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy available in the market and their associated risk of bleeding complications in cutaneous surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of PubMed and MEDLINE was performed to review the English-language medical literature.
RESULTS: Many anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapies exist. Several studies recommend the continued use of antiplatelet and anticoagulant medications in the perioperative period. Combination regimens and novel oral anticoagulants may be associated with an increased risk of bleeding.
CONCLUSION: An updated understanding of antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents is critical for the surgeon. Current evidence does not support the discontinuation of antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents in the perioperative period under most circumstances. However, relevant data on novel oral anticoagulant agents are still sparse, suggesting that a precautionary approach is warranted.